International Workshop on Smart City Reference Architectures

AIST Tokyo Waterfront, January 13-14, 2020, Tokyo, Japan

Purpose and Scope

Smart city reference architectures (SCRA) are required to ensure interoperability between the wide range of components that are expected to make up smart cities and facilitate the design of smart cities by researchers, industry professionals and city planners. Reference architectures have been and are continuing to be designed and implemented in various locations around the world. The main purpose of this workshop is to investigate various reference architectures via presentations on existing and upcoming reference architectures via presentations from leading invited experts and local researchers in Japan. The workshop will also facilitate various discussions related to smart cities, with one of the main themes being to discuss how smart city reference architectures can be evaluated


The workshop will be held on the 13th-14th January, 2020 at the Artificial Intelligence Research Center(AIRC) of the National Institute of Advanced Science and Technology (AIST) in Odaiba, Tokyo Bay.

Topic of Interest

The main goal of this workshop is to provide a forum to meet, freely exchange ideas between research and industrial professionals and share research results. Relevant topics include, but are not limited to:
  • Existing smart city reference architectures.
  • General aspects and requirements of designing reference architectures for smart cities, including:
    • Identifying system requirements
    • Establishing reference architecture requirements
    • Identification of domain concepts
  • Design issues in designing smart city references architectures, including:
    • Domain/location specific requirements of smart city reference architectures
    • Interoperability issues
    • Trust security and privacy
    • Performance and scalability issues
    • Deployment and maintenance issues
    • Availability and resilience issues, for example to natural or man-made disasters
  • How to evaluate smart city reference architectures with respect to the above topics, and discussion of other relevant issues relevant to the evaluation process.
There will be presentations from various leading researchers and industrial experts, where the details of existing smart city reference architectures and future work in this area will be discussed.

Registration for Open Seminar on 14th (事前登録): Click!(こちら)

Program at a Glance

Monday, Jan 13, 2020 : Closed discussion of designing evaluation methods (Limited access)

13:00 - 13:30 Registration
13:30 - 15:30 Smart City Reference Architecture
15:30 - 16:00 Break
16:00 - 18:00 Architecture Evaluation
18:00 - 18:30 Break
18:30 - 20:30 Preliminary Meeting of Seminar

Tuesday, Jan 14, 2020 : Open seminar from academic, industry, and standard experts.

09:30 - 10:00 Registration
10:00 - 12:00 Session1: Reference Architectures Chair: Kyoung-Sook Kim (AIST)
10:00 - 10:10 Opening Remark Eric Simmon (NIST)
10:10 – 10:30 SIP: Smart City Reference Architecture Project Norihito Fujita
Senior Manager, NEC Corporation
Principal Investigator
10:30 – 11:00 Reference Architecture for Unified, Secure, Sustainable & Resilient ICT Infrastructure in Smart Cities N. Kishor Narang
Mentor & Principal Design Architect NARNIX TECHNOLABS PVT. LTD., INDIA
Vice Chair Strategy – IEC SyC Smart Cities
Chairman - Smart Infrastructure Sectional Committee, BIS India
11:00 – 11:30 Smart Cities Reference Architecture Methodology as a Foundation for Joint Efforts Alexander Samarin
Convenor - IEC SyC Smart Cities WG3
11:30 – 12:00 Context Management as Core Asset for Architectures enabling Inclusive Smart Cities Ecosystems Stefano De Panfilis
Chief Operating Officer FIWARE Foundation
12:00 – 13:30 Lunch
13:30 - 15:00 Session2: Smart City Standards Chair: Eric Simmon (NIST)
13:30 - 14:00 Building Smart City Standards Yoshiaki Ichikawa
Visiting Professor, Center for Rule-making Strategy, Tama University
ISO TC 268 SC1 Chairman
14:00 – 14:30 Smart City Standards – the Key Role of Reference Architectures Michael Mulquin
City Standards Associate with the Connected Places Catapult
Chair of IEC Systems Committee Smart Cities
14:30 – 15:00 China's Practice and Use Case of Smart City Standardization and Assesment Dapeng Zhang
Executive Secretary-General of China National Smart Cities Standardization General Working Group
Vice President of Tus-Digital Research Institute
15:00 – 15:30 Break
15:30 - 18:00 Session3: Smart City Platforms Chair: Steven Lynden (AIST)
15:30 - 16:00 The ESPRESSO Project: the Urban Platform Bart De Lathouwer
President OGC
16:00 – 16:30 Enabling Smart City Platform Ecosystems – Driving Citizen Centered Scalable Solutions Joann O'Brien
Vice President Digital Ecosystems TM Forum
16:30 – 17:00 Synchronicity and the OASC Minimal Interoperability Mechanisms Gert De Tant
Technical Architect OASC
17:00 – 17:30 GeoAI Data Platform for Smart City Applications Kyoung-Sook Kim
AIRC Research Team Leader, OGC GeoAI DWG/MF SWG co-chair
17:30 – 18:00 Closing


  • Alexander Samarin Alexander Samarin wrote his first software program in the year 1973. He obtained a PhD (in computer graphics) in the year 1986. He has worked for a variety of international clients in Switzerland, UK, France, Australia and Africa. At present, he specialises in architecture, implementation and evolution of enterprise-wide solutions with the holistic use of enterprise architecture, business architecture, IT governance, IT strategy and a systems approach. Based on his diverse experience in many domains and being the author of two books, he acts as a methodologist, architect and practitioner for digital transformation and building complex digital repeatable systems.
  • Bart De Lathouwer Bart De Lathouwer is OGC's President. In this role, he manages the consortium, provides oversight and direction to the Consortium’s strategy, budget, outreach and marketing, and membership recruitment goals, in close collaboration with the CEO. Mr. De Lathouwer also continues to be the General Manager for OGC Europe. In Mr. De Lathouwer's previous role at OGC, he was responsible for planning and managing Innovation Initiatives such as testbeds, pilots, and interoperability experiments with an emphasis on activities in Europe. Previous to his time at OGC, Mr. De Lathouwer worked first as European liaison to the geospatial division of Autodesk and later as Autodesk's Product Manager for Server Technologies. In this role, he also served as member company representative to the OGC. As a company representative, he started the OGC CAD-GIS Interoperability Working Group (which evolved into the OGC 3DIM Domain Working Group) and managed the development of a core data access technology FDO (Feature Data Object) that later went open source in OSGeo. After returning to Europe, he worked as a geospatial expert for both private and government organizations focused on interoperability.
  • Dapeng Zhang Dapeng Zhang is the Executive Secretary General of the China National Smart Cities Standardization Working Group. His current research interests include smart city standardization and smart city indicators and assessment. He is also an expert on ISO/IEC JTC1/WG11.
  • Gert De Tant Gert De Tant is the technical architect for OASC. He started in this position from september 2019. In this role he works on the technical implementation side of the Minimal Interoperability Mechanisms (MIMs). He was part of the technical group that worked on the program, the result was the consolidated Report of Technical Specifications to Scale Living-in.EU. For OASC he currently works on expanding the MIMS towards Fair AI en Personal Data. He was part of several European funded projects like Select4Cities and Synchronicity, where he helped cities like Antwerp, Helsinki and Copenhagen to implement smart city platforms. Gert holds an MBA of the Vlerick Business school and is a master in Computer Science from the University of Ghent.
  • Joann O'Brien Joann O'Brien currently leads the Digital Ecosystem and Labs initiatives at TM Forum. She is a transformative technology leader who recognizes the importance of APIs, 5G, IoT and automation as enablers to achieving a true digital strategy. Joann has led the TM Forum’s Open API initiative from concept to global success as an enabler to the zero-integration economy and has significant experience leading complex large-scale transformation programs for global organizations. The Digital Ecosystem program is designed to accelerate our members ability to design, plan, operationalize and assure new market opportunities through insights, practices and tangible assets enabling a structured, scalable approach to commercializing new services. Joann has a BS in Information Technology majoring in Telecommunications from Dublin City University and MBA from Open University. Joann represents TM Forum membership on the Board of NGIOT, Next Generation IoT, a EU advisory board for the creation of a secure, safe, trusted and “human-centric” IoT research and innovation, development and deployment environment for The Next Generation Internet (NGI).
  • Kishor Narang Kishor Narang is Technology Consultant, Mentor & Design Architect in Electrical, Electronics & ICT with over 40 years of professional experience in education, research, design and consulting. Over 30 years of hardcore Research and Design Development Experience in Solutions, Systems, Products, Hardware, Software & Firmware (Embedded Software) in fields of Industrial, Power, IT, Telecom, Medical, Energy and Environment, and over 10 years of Consultancy Experience to different segments of business & industry. Professionally, he is an Electronics Design Engineer practicing design & development of a wide spectrum of Products, Systems & Solutions as an Independent Design House – NARNIX since 1981. For last 10 years, deeply involved in Standardization in the Electrical, Electronics, Communication and Information Technology Domains with focus on Identifying Gaps in Standards to address Interoperable Systems & Solutions Deployments and bring Harmonization by defining standardized interfaces to ensure End-to-End Interoperability. Currently leading the Standardization activities as the Chairman of Smart Infrastructure Sectional Committee LITD 28 in BIS the Indian National Standards Body, Vice Chair – Strategy & Convenor – Reference Architecture WG in IEC Systems Committee on Smart Cities, Project Leader – IEC TS 63188 ED1 – Smart Cities Reference Architecture Methodology, Project Leader – IEC 63205 ED1 – Smart Cities Reference Architecture, Member Steering Committee – OCEANIS (The Open Community for Ethics in Autonomous and Intelligent Systems) & Co-Editor – ISO 30145 on Smart City ICT Reference Frameworks.
  • Kyoung-Sook Kim Kyoung-Sook Kim is the team leader of Data Platform Research Team at the Artificial Intelligence Research Center (AIRC) of AIST in Japan. I served as a researcher of National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) in Japan from Nov. 2007 to Mar. 2014. I received my B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. Degrees in Computer Science from Pusan National University in Korea in 1998, 2001, and 2007, respectively. She currently serves a co-chair of Moving Features SWG and GeoAI DWG of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Her research interests are in Geo-enabled Computing Framework based on GIS, Location-based Services, Spatiotemporal databases, Big data analysis, Cyber-Physical Cloud Computing, etc.
  • Michael Mulquin Michael Mulquin has spent 25 years partnering with cities, rural areas, construction and technology companies to use technology to help neighbourhoods and cities work better.He focuses on the development and implementation of smart and sustainable city standards.He is Chair of the IEC Smart Cities Systems Committee, and an active member of several ISO Working Groups developing standards for smart and sustainable cities. He was Principal Architect of the TM Forum’s Smart City Maturity Model and participates in their work on the Smart City Operating Map. He received the TM Forum Outstanding Contributor Award in 2017. He was Editor of the ISO/IEC JTC1 Smart City Study Group report and is a member of the Smart Cities Working Group; co-editing a Business Process Framework standard. He was a member of the ITU-T Smart and Sustainable Cities Focus Group, co-author of the technical report on standards for smart and sustainable cities and contributing editor to the work on Key Performance Indicators for Smart and Sustainable cities. He is technical author of two British Standards Institution publications: PD8100 Smart cities overview – Guide and PD8101 Smart cities – Guide to the role of the planning and development process.
  • Stefano De Panfilis Since July 2016 he holds the COO position within the FIWARE Foundation where he effectively moved starting 1st January 2017. He graduated cum laude in Mathematics from the University of Rome "La Sapienza". In 1984, he was hired by Engineering Ingegneria Informatica (Engineering) as a software engineer. In April 1986, he became Project Manager. In July 1988, he moved to the R&D department managing the "Formal Methods" unit where he started to research on architecture and implementation of complex IT systems addressing this topic from both the methodological and the technological perspective. Since 1993, he supported Engineering to receive the ISO-9001 compliance certificate and he is currently involved in the CMM assessment process. In April 1994, he started his involvement in European Union funded R&D projects where in coordinated several of them. In 2004 he became the Director of the R&D Department leading a team of about 100 researchers in Italy and Europe. He actively participated since its beginning to the creation and setting up of the NESSI ETP of which he was the Technical Director and the Coordinator of the Strategic Research Agenda Committee till spring 2010. In June 2011 he became the Chief Innovation Officer of the Engineering Group. He actively participated in the Future Internet various initiatives set-up by the European Commission having also served the Future Internet Assembly (FIA) caretakers committee for several FIA editions. In this context he was one of the founders of the Future Internet Public Private Partnership (FI-PPP) now known as the FIWARE initiative. Since the FI-WARE project he is the responsible of FIWARE Lab and from April 2012 till its end, he was a member in the FI-PPP Architecture Board. In 2013 he was elected Chairman of the FI-PPP Steering Board. Author of several scientific papers appeared on international journals and in conferences proceedings, he is member of a number of international conferences Program Committees.
  • Yoshiaki (Yoshi) Ichikawa Dr. (Yoshi) Ichikawa is a visiting professor of Tama University (Center for Rule Making Strategy Research) and Tokyo City University (Faculty of Environmental Studies). He received Doctor of Eng. degree in 1987 from the University of Tokyo, Japan. He joined in Hitachi, Ltd., in 1979 and was engaged in robotics, artificial intelligence, network management. In 2000 he started providing support tools and consultancy in the environmental field to top management of leading companies in Japan. In 2005 he joined in Environmental Strategy Office and provided in-house consulting to group companies and business divisions mainly regarding ecodesign, global legal compliance. Since 2013, He has been with International Standardization Office giving advice to standardization activities throughout Hitachi group. In 2016 he started heading Chief Architect Office in R &D Group to help create new businesses based innovative business strategies, and now acting as a technical advisor to R &D group. His international activities include former chairman of IEC TC111 (Environmental Standardisation), Member of IEC Advisory Committee for Environmental Aspects, the chair of ISO TC 268/SC1 (Smart Community Infrastructures), an expert of ISO TC207 (Environmental Management). He received Thomas Edison Award from IEC in 2016 for his long-term chairmanship.